By C and A Bilkey - 17/5/ 2019
The definition for the word tourist and tourism was discovered in the 17th and 18th century. In 1936 the League of Nations officially defined the word of someone travelling aboard for at least 24-hours was associated as a foreign tourist. Some of the things that people did in the early century of Christ; which in present time we would associate it with 20th century Travel and Tourism. Were the wealthy citizens of Rome would be travelling to seaside resorts and beaches in Egypt and Greece which we would now define as Travel and Tourism.
Another precursor of modern travel and tourism in the 20th century was a grand tour that had been undertaken by young nobles between the centuries of the 16th and the 18th. They would usually start their tour off in England, from there the Tour Guides would take them on tours to Italy, France, Spain, Netherlands and many other countries around Europe. All these countries are renown for its art, buildings and other historical figures. For example, Eiffel Tower, Coliseum and the Tower of Pisa.
The Tourism Industry Boom
The main reason why the Tourism Industry took off was because of an exceptionally intelligent entrepreneur who goes by the name of Thomas Cook. He had a goal of commercialising mass tourism. His first big thing he did was when he took 571 tourists on holiday in 1841 from Leicester to Loughborough which he also supplied them with meals and brass music too. Starting in 1855 Thomas Cook had publicly offered guided holidays. One example was in 1863 was a guided tour to Switzerland. This tours clientele covered all types of people with different backgrounds, ranging from people who were middle, lower and working class. Cook got the best success from doing these inexpensive all-inclusive holidays. Cook started serving vouchers for hotels and tourist brochures which was considered highly innovative at the time. Cook had then later influenced travel agencies that later opened in Germany and around the world it was until 1911 where a Travel Agency was able to establish itself as a special institution. The other key thing which Cook didn’t have a part in which made the Tourism Industry blossom was the opening of the Alps. These were the Alpine Club in London in 1857 which was followed by the Austrian Alpernverein in 1862, the Swiss Alpneclub in 1863, the club Alpino Italiano in 1863 and last of all the German Alpenverein in 1869.
Tourism and The Economy
Tourism is important for every country in the world. It is one of the key things to thrive the economy of a country. It creates a lot of employment opportunities especially for countries that are 3rd world and have significant attractions that you don’t see around the world. For example, safari tours. Not only are people coming in from overseas to see natural things that aren’t found anywhere else in the world like lava rocks. They are obviously going to need to buy food and have a place to stay. This will give the businesses to offer other specialties and raise the prices higher than the natives would pay, as this is a big demand for international tourists. Majority of people who go on vacation would feel that they’d spend a bit more money than they usually would as they’ve planned to go on a holiday; which they would rarely do. When international tourists visit a country they all have a purpose to go out and see things some may choose to hire a car and go and drive somewhere, some will use public transport and other sorts of arranged transport. With a high demand of tourists needing to get to places this has had a beneficial affect on the transportation sector of the economy. Not only is it easier for tourists to get around. Natives can get from point A to B potentially at a cheaper less time-consuming way, or a more convenient way.
The Cons of the Tourism Industry
Even though the Tourism Industry benefits the economy in a good way it can also have downside effect too. Though many countries in the world heavily rely on tourism as a source for most of their nation’s income and employment. It can be very easy to underestimate the scale of tourism. The statistic off international tourist arrivals, is as high as 30 tourists arriving every second. In 2017 there was over 76 million international tourists that arrive in the United States. Having this many tourist’s obviously means lots of money for the economy. However, having this many leaves a challenging question to the country in terms of transportation of getting them all from point A to point B, having enough places for all these tourists to stay, entertaining, policing and cleaning up everything after them. There are 3 things which I believe after the biggest negative effect of the Tourism Industry.
Some of the significant environmental damage by tourists can be caused by an increase of traffic on ancient buildings, temples and other buildings that have been around for 100s of years. Even though the tourists will respect the places they visit, the buildings will naturally wear-and-tear as it cannot cope with the significant increase in human traffic.
Some 3rd world countries primarily depend on tourism to feed their economy, with infrastructure, income and jobs. This is fine when they are in their peak season for having many international tourists come in. However, with primarily depending on this, it causes most other forms of income to be neglected. With, this could potentially open the country to economic ruin and natural disasters.
With some countries holding great tourist attractions where they receive thousands to millions of international tourists a year. This can often cause imbalanced funding for the economy. The country will likely be putting more money into those tourist areas, where it could be used much more effectively to other areas of the country. People who are living outside of these tourist destinations in the country could see a rapid decline as most of the money that’s generated in their country is going towards the tourist areas instead of the living life style of residents and citizens of the country.